This move angered Polk who began to strip Taylor’s army of men for use in invading central Mexico.
With the aid of American settlers, they swiftly captured the towns along the coast.In late 1846, they aided Kearny’s exhausted troops as they emerged from the desert and together forced the final surrender of Mexican forces in California.More » On March 9, 1847, General Winfield Scott landed 10,000 men outside of Veracruz.A conflict that occurred as the result of Mexican resentment over the US annexation of Texas and a border dispute, the Mexican-American War represents the only major military dispute between the two nations.The war was fought primarily in northeastern and central Mexico and resulted in a decisive American victory.
As a result of the war, Mexico was forced to cede its northern and western provinces, which today comprise a significant portion of the western United States.The causes of the Mexican-American War can be traced back to Texas winning its independence from Mexico in 1836.For the next nine years, many in Texas favored joining the United States, however Washington did not take action due to fears of increasing sectional conflict and angering Mexico.In 1845, following the election of the pro-annexation candidate, James K. Shortly thereafter, a dispute began with Mexico over the southern border of Texas. The battle continued the next day at Resaca de la Palma, with Taylor's men driving the Mexicans back across the Rio Grande.Both sides sent troops to the area, and on April 25, 1846, a US cavalry patrol, led by Captain Seth Thornton, was attacked by Mexican troops. Zachary Taylor was moving to relieve Fort Texas, when he was intercepted at Palo Alto by Mexican troops under Gen. Reinforced, Taylor advanced into Mexico and, following heavy fighting, captured Monterrey.Following the “Thornton Affair,” Polk asked Congress for a declaration of war, which was issued on May 13. When the battle ended, Taylor offered the Mexicans a two month truce in exchange for the city.